Press Releases

Choice Hotels International Reports Fourth Quarter And Full Year Results And 2018 Outlook
2017 Full-Year New Domestic Hotel Franchise Contracts Increased 9% to 704

ROCKVILLE, Md., Feb. 20, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- Choice Hotels International, Inc. (NYSE:CHH), one of the world's largest hotel companies, today reported its results for the three months and year ended December 31, 2017. Highlights include:

  • Announced the acquisition of WoodSpring Suites, which added 239 hotels to the company's system in the first quarter of 2018.
  • Full-year 2018 net income is projected to range between $190 million and $196 million; Adjusted earnings before income taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA), excluding the application of the new revenue recognition standard and other items, is projected to range between $330 million and $341 million, a 14 percent increase at the midpoint of the range.
  • Domestic unit growth, including the acquisition of WoodSpring Suites, for 2018 is expected to range between 7 percent and 8 percent.
  • Total revenues for the three months ended December 31, 2017, increased 14 percent from the fourth quarter of the prior year.
  • Income before income taxes was $46.7 million for the 2017 fourth quarter, a 7 percent increase from the 2016 fourth quarter.
  • The impact of the tax legislation signed into law on December 22, 2017, and other items, resulted in a net loss of $6.4 million, or $0.11 per diluted share for the fourth quarter of 2017. Excluding the impact of these items, adjusted net income would have totaled $35.9 million compared to adjusted net income of $31.8 million for the 2016 fourth quarter, a 13 percent increase. See Exhibit 6 for calculation of adjusted results.
  • Fourth quarter adjusted diluted earnings per share (EPS) was $0.63, a 13 percent increase from the 2016 fourth quarter. Full-year 2017 diluted EPS was $2.02 and adjusted diluted EPS was $2.88, a 14 percent increase from 2016.
  • Adjusted EBITDA for the fourth quarter and full-year 2017 were $64.5 million and $295.0 million respectively, an increase of 15 percent from the adjusted EBITDA reported for the same periods of 2016. 
  • Repatriated approximately $200 million of foreign earnings in the first quarter of 2018.

Choice Hotels International. (PRNewsFoto/Choice Hotels International)

"In 2017, Choice Hotels experienced another robust year of performance and exciting milestones, positioning us for future growth. This includes our best development year since 2007 with 704 executed franchise agreements. We recently added to our portfolio of brands with the acquisition of WoodSpring Suites, the fastest growing economy extended-stay brand," said Patrick Pacious, president and chief executive officer, Choice Hotels. "Choice remains focused on our franchisees' profitability and has further strengthened our value proposition, which is exemplified by continued increases in proprietary contribution and a 19-basis point increase in effective royalty rate."

Highlights of the company's hotel franchising business for the fourth quarter and full-year 2017 results are as follows:

Overall Results

  • Total hotel franchising revenues for the fourth quarter increased 11 percent from the fourth quarter of the prior year.
  • Hotel franchising selling, general and administrative costs (SG&A) totaled $46.0 million. Adjusted hotel franchising SG&A for the fourth quarter increased 21 percent, to $37.4 million, primarily due to increased variable sales compensation resulting from the highest level of franchise sales in the quarter and full-year since 2007, and the timing of our bi-annual international franchisee convention.
  • Adjusted EBITDA from hotel franchising activities for the fourth quarter increased 7 percent from the fourth quarter of the prior year to $65.5 million.  Adjusted EBITDA from hotel franchising activities for the full-year increased 9 percent from full-year 2016.

Royalties

  • Domestic royalty fees for the fourth quarter totaled $74.2 million, an 8.5 percent increase from the fourth quarter of the prior year. Full-year domestic royalties increased 7.7 percent, to $323.9 million, from the same period of 2016.
  • Domestic system-wide revenue per available room (RevPAR) increased 2.2 percent and 2.5 percent for the fourth quarter and full-year, respectively, compared to the same periods of the prior year. Average daily rates and occupancy rates increased 1.7 percent and 50 basis points for the full-year compared to the same period of 2016.
  • Effective domestic royalty rate increased 19 basis points for both the fourth quarter and full-year 2017, compared to the same periods of 2016.
  • The number of domestic franchised hotels, as of December 31, 2017, increased 2.6 percent from December 31, 2016.
  • Added 346 new domestic hotels during 2017, opening nearly one hotel per day during the year.
  • Domestic franchised rooms within the company's upscale brands, Cambria hotels & suites and Ascend Hotel Collection, increased by 28 percent to over 17,900 rooms at December 31, 2017.

Development

  • New executed domestic franchise agreements totaled 289 in the fourth quarter, bringing full-year new franchise agreements to 704 hotels, an increase of 8 percent and 9 percent compared to the fourth quarter of and full-year 2016, respectively.
  • New construction domestic franchise agreements increased 17 percent and 23 percent in the fourth quarter and full-year 2017, respectively, from the comparable periods of 2016.
  • The company executed 31 and 81 new domestic franchise agreements during the fourth quarter and full-year 2017, respectively, for its upscale brands, Cambria hotels and suites and the Ascend Hotel Collection. Fourth quarter and full-year 2017 executed agreements for upscale brands represent a 7 percent increase and a 31 percent increase from fourth quarter and full-year 2016, respectively, and the domestic pipeline for the company's upscale brands exceeded 135 hotels at December 31, 2017.
  • Domestic relicensing and contract renewal transactions totaled 101 and 465 for the three months and year ended December 31, 2017, respectively. Relicensing revenues for full-year 2017 increased 15 percent over the prior year.
  • The company's total domestic pipeline of hotels awaiting conversion, under construction or approved for development, as of December 31, 2017, increased 18 percent to 853 hotels from December 31, 2016.
  • The new construction domestic pipeline totaled 607 hotels at December 31, 2017, a 23 percent increase from December 31, 2016.

Tax Reform

On December 22, 2017, "H.R. 1," known as the "Tax Cut and Jobs Act" ("Act"), was signed into law. The Act, among other changes, reduces the corporate income tax rate to 21%, creates a territorial tax system (with a one-time mandatory tax on previously deferred foreign earnings), allows for the immediate capital expensing of certain qualified property, and creates anti-base erosion rules that require companies to pay minimum taxes on foreign earnings. Although the Act is effective January 1, 2018, generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("GAAP") require companies to account for the one-time transition tax on previously deferred foreign earnings and the effect of changes in income tax rates and laws on deferred tax balances in the period in which the legislation is enacted. As a result, the company recorded additional provisional income taxes from the mandatory tax on previously deferred foreign earnings, totaling approximately $35 million during the three months and year ended December 31, 2017. These taxes will be remitted over an eight-year period beginning in 2018. In addition, during the three months and year ended December 31, 2017, the company also recorded a provisional impairment of its deferred tax assets totaling approximately $5 million, reflecting the reduction of the corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21%.

Taking into account the change in the statutory federal rate as well as the Act's effects on state taxes and other permanent items, the company preliminarily expects its effective tax rate to be approximately 23% in 2018. This reduction in the tax rate represents an annual increase in cash flow of approximately $25 million, and the Act is expected to provide an additional available annual cash benefit of $25 million related to foreign earnings. In addition, the company repatriated approximately $200 million of foreign earnings in the first quarter of 2018 and expects to pay approximately $35 million of taxes over the next 8 years related to these previously deferred foreign earnings. With the financial flexibility that tax reform provides, the company anticipates continuing to make strategic investments in future areas of growth in its business and return excess cash flows, if any, to shareholders.

Use of Cash Flows

Dividends

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the company paid cash dividends totaling approximately $49 million. Based on the current quarterly dividend rate of $0.215 per common share, the company expects to pay dividends of approximately $49 million during 2018.

Share Repurchases

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the company repurchased approximately $10 million of common stock under its share repurchase program as well as repurchases from employees in connection with tax withholding and option exercises relating to awards under the company's equity incentive plans. The company currently has authorization to purchase up to 4.0 million additional shares under its share repurchase program. 

Hotel Development & Financing

Pursuant to its program to encourage acceleration of the growth of the upscale Cambria hotels & suites brand, the company advanced approximately $87 million in support of the brand's development during the year ended December 31, 2017. The company also recycled approximately $31 million of prior investments in Cambria Hotels development projects, resulting in net advances of $56 million for the current year. Advances under this program are primarily in the form of joint venture investments, forgivable key money loans, senior mortgage loans, development loans, mezzanine lending, and through the operation of a land-banking program. On December 31, 2017, the company had approximately $251 million reflected in its consolidated balance sheet pursuant to these financial support activities. With respect to lending and joint venture investments, the company generally expects to recycle these loans and investments within a five-year period.

Revenue Recognition

Effective January 1, 2018, the company adopted the new revenue recognition standard ("ASC 606"), using the full retrospective approach. The adoption of ASC 606 will not change the cash flows or cash available for return to shareholders but will alter the timing of earnings recognition. In addition, the adoption of ASC 606 will also result in changes in classifications of certain items within the income statement. The adoption of ASC 606 will initially be reflected in the company's quarterly earnings reports as of and for the three months ending March 31, 2018, with adjustments also made to prior year comparable periods.

As a result of the adoption of ASC 606, initial and relicensing fees earned upon execution of a franchise agreement will be recognized as revenue ratably as services are provided over the enforceable period of the franchise license arrangement. This represents a change from current practice, whereby the company typically recognizes revenue for initial and relicensing fees in full in the period of agreement execution. Similarly, the company has determined sales commissions, which are paid upon the execution of a franchise agreement, will be recognized ratably over the period a hotel expected to remain in our franchise system rather than expensed as incurred. 

Following the adoption of ASC 606, the amortization of the company's forgivable promissory notes will be reflected as contra-revenue rather than as a component of depreciation and amortization.

ASC 606 will also impact the company's accounting for surpluses and deficits generated from marketing and reservation system activities. The company has historically, consistent with its existing agreements, not earned a profit or generated a loss from marketing and reservation activities, and as a result, the company recorded excess marketing and reservation system revenues or expenses as assets or liabilities on the company's balance sheet prior to the adoption of ASC 606. However, subsequent to the adoption of ASC 606, the company will no longer defer revenues and expenses or record assets and liabilities when system revenues exceed expenses in the current period or vice versa. The Company intends to manage the system fund to break-even over time but anticipates net income or loss may be generated in years in which investments are needed for new initiatives that benefit our franchisees. Given the company's intentions with respect to marketing and reservation system activities and its obligations to franchisees, the company expects to exclude the financial impact of these programs from its adjusted financial metrics.

Outlook

To facilitate the review of the company's 2018 outlook, Exhibit 7 provides the company's 2018 forecasted results prior to the impact of the new revenue recognition accounting standards. Excluding the impact of the adoption of ASC 606, the company's adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EPS are forecasted to increase 14 percent and 26 percent, respectively at the midpoint of our estimated ranges.

The company's consolidated 2018 outlook reported below includes the forecasted results of the WoodSpring Suites acquisition from February 1, 2018, through December 31, 2018. In addition, the company's EBITDA and diluted EPS guidance have been prepared based on the impact of the new revenue recognition guidance, which became effective on January 1, 2018. The estimate of the allocation of the purchase price of WoodSpring Suites and the impact of ASC 606 on the company's results is preliminary and subject to change.

The adjusted numbers in the company's outlook exclude the impact of integration and acquisition related costs as well as the net surplus or deficit generated from the company's marketing and reservation system activities.  See Exhibit 7 for the calculation of adjusted forecasted results and the reconciliation to the comparable GAAP measures.

Consolidated Outlook

  • Net income for full-year 2018 is expected to range between $190 million and $196 million, or $3.31 to $3.42 per diluted share.
  • Adjusted diluted EPS for full-year 2018 is expected to range between $3.54 and $3.66. The company expects full-year 2018 adjusted net income to range between $204 million and $210 million.
  • Adjusted EBITDA for full-year 2018 is expected to range between $320 million and $331 million.
  • The effective tax rate is expected to be approximately 23 percent for the first quarter and full-year 2018. 
  • The company's first quarter 2018 adjusted diluted EPS is expected to range between $0.58 and $0.61.
  • Adjusted diluted EPS estimates are based on the current number of shares outstanding, and therefore do not reflect any subsequent changes that may occur due to new equity grants or further repurchases of common stock under the company's share repurchase program.
  • The adjusted diluted EPS and consolidated adjusted EBITDA estimates assume that the company incurs net reductions in adjusted EBITDA related to non-hotel franchising activities at the midpoint of the range for these investments.

Hotel Franchising

  • Adjusted EBITDA from hotel franchising activities for full-year 2018 is expected to range between $324 million and $335 million.
  • Net domestic unit growth, excluding WoodSpring Suites, for 2018 is expected to range between approximately 2.5 percent and 3.5 percent.
  • The acquisition of WoodSpring Suites added 239 hotels to the company's domestic portfolio, and an additional 15 hotels are expected to open in 2018.
  • Domestic RevPAR, excluding WoodSpring Suites, is expected to increase between 1 percent and 3 percent for the first quarter and range between 1 percent and 3 percent for full-year 2018.
  • The domestic effective royalty rate, excluding WoodSpring Suites, is expected to increase between 7 and 9 basis points for full-year 2018 as compared to full-year 2017.

Non-Hotel Franchising Activities

  • Net reductions in full-year 2018 adjusted EBITDA relating to the company's non-hotel franchising operations are expected to range between approximately $3 million and $5 million.

Conference Call

Choice will conduct a conference call on Tuesday, February 20, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. ET to discuss the company's 2017 fourth quarter and year-end results. The dial-in number to listen to the call domestically is 1-855-638-5678, and the number for international participants is 1-920-663-6286. The conference call will be webcast simultaneously via the company's website, www.choicehotels.com. Interested investors and other parties wishing to access the call via the webcast should go to the website and click on the Investor Info link. The Investor page will feature a conference call microphone icon to access the call.

The call will be recorded and available for replay beginning at 1:00 p.m. ET on Tuesday, February 20, 2018, by calling 1-855-859-2056 (domestic) or 1-404-537-3406 (international) and entering access code 5278536. In addition, the call will be archived and available on choicehotels.com via the Investor Info link.

About Choice Hotels

Choice Hotels International, Inc. (NYSE: CHH) is one of the world's largest hotel companies. With over 6,800 hotels franchised in more than 40 countries and territories, Choice Hotels International represents more than 500,000 rooms around the globe and more than 1,000 hotels were in our development pipeline. Our company's Ascend Hotel Collection®, Cambria® Hotels, Comfort Inn®, Comfort Suites®, Sleep Inn®, Quality®, Clarion®, MainStay Suites®, Suburban Extended Stay Hotel®, WoodSpring Suites SM, Econo Lodge®, Rodeway Inn®, and Vacation Rentals by Choice HotelsTM brands provide a spectrum of lodging choices to meet guests' needs. With more than 35 million members, our Choice Privileges® rewards program enhances every trip a guest takes, with benefits ranging from every day rewards to exceptional experiences, starting right when they join.  All hotels and vacation rentals are independently owned and operated. Visit us at www.choicehotels.com for more information.

Forward-Looking Statements

Certain matters discussed in this press release constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  Generally, our use of words such as "expect," "estimate," "believe," "anticipate," "should," "will," "forecast," "plan," "project," "assume" or similar words of futurity identify such forward-looking statements.  These forward-looking statements are based on management's current beliefs, assumptions and expectations regarding future events, which in turn are based on information currently available to management.  Such statements may relate to projections of the company's revenue, earnings and other financial and operational measures, company debt levels, ability to repay outstanding indebtedness, payment of dividends, repurchases of common stock, future operations, and expected benefits from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, among other matters.   We caution you not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements.  Forward-looking statements do not guarantee future performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors.

Several factors could cause actual results, performance or achievements of the company to differ materially from those expressed in or contemplated by the forward-looking statements.  Such risks include, but are not limited to, changes to general, domestic and foreign economic conditions; foreign currency fluctuations; operating risks common in the lodging and franchising industries; changes to the desirability of our brands as viewed by hotel operators and customers; changes to the terms or termination of our contracts with franchisees; our ability to keep pace with improvements in technology utilized for marketing and reservations systems and other operating systems; our ability to grow our franchise system; exposure to risks related to our hotel development and financing activities; fluctuations in the supply and demand for hotels rooms; our ability to realize anticipated benefits from acquired businesses; the level of acceptance of alternative growth strategies we may implement; operating risks associated with our international operations; the outcome of litigation; and our ability to manage our indebtedness.  These and other risk factors are discussed in detail in the company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission including our annual report on Form 10-K for 2016 and our quarterly reports filed on Form 10-Q.  Except as may be required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

Non-GAAP Financial Measurements

The company evaluates its operations utilizing the performance metrics of Adjusted EBITDA, hotel franchising revenues, adjusted hotel franchising SG&A, Adjusted EBITDA from hotel franchising activities, adjusted hotel franchising margins and adjusted diluted EPS, which are all non-GAAP financial measurements.  These measures, which are reconciled to the comparable GAAP measures in Exhibit 6, should not be considered as an alternative to any measure of performance or liquidity as promulgated under or authorized by GAAP, such as net income, total revenues and operating margins.  The company's calculation of these measurements may be different from the calculations used by other companies and therefore comparability may be limited. 

We discuss management's reasons for reporting these non-GAAP measures and how each non-GAAP measure is calculated below.

In addition to the specific adjustments noted below with respect to each measure, the non-GAAP measures presented herein exclude acquisition related transition and transaction costs, executive termination benefits, impairment of below market lease intangibles recorded in SG&A costs, estimated one-time transition taxes related to tax legislation enacted into law on December 22, 2017 and acceleration of the company's executive succession plan in 2017 to allow for period-over-period comparison of ongoing core operations before the impact of these charges.

Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share: Adjusted net income and diluted EPS excludes the impact of acquisition related transition and transaction costs, executive termination benefits, impairment of below market lease acquisition intangibles, estimated one-time transition taxes related to tax legislation enacted into law on December 22, 2017 and the acceleration of the company's executive succession plan. We exclude these items because they occur infrequently and can vary considerably from period to period without reference to the company's operating performance. We consider adjusted net income and diluted EPS to be an indicator of operating performance because excluding these items allows for period-over period comparisons of our ongoing operations.

Adjusted Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization: Adjusted EBITDA reflects net income excluding the impact of interest expense, interest income, provision for income taxes, depreciation and amortization, other (gains) and losses, equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates, mark to market adjustments on non-qualified retirement plan investments, acquisition related transition and transaction costs, executive termination benefits, impairment of below market lease acquisition intangibles and acceleration of the company's executive succession plan. We consider adjusted EBITDA to be an indicator of operating performance because we use it to measure our ability to service debt, fund capital expenditures, and expand our business. We also use adjusted EBITDA, as do analysts, lenders, investors and others, to evaluate companies because it excludes certain items that can vary widely across different industries or among companies within the same industry. For example, interest expense can be dependent on a company's capital structure, debt levels and credit ratings. Accordingly, the impact of interest expense on earnings can vary significantly among companies. The tax positions of companies can also vary because of their differing abilities to take advantage of tax benefits and because of the tax policies of the jurisdictions in which they operate. As a result, effective tax rates and provision for income taxes can vary considerably among companies. Adjusted EBITDA also excludes depreciation and amortization because companies utilize productive assets of different ages and use different methods of both acquiring and depreciating productive assets. These differences can result in considerable variability in the relative costs of productive assets and the depreciation and amortization expense among companies. Mark to market adjustments on non-qualified retirement plan investments recorded in SG&A are excluded from EBITDA as the company accounts for these investments in accordance with accounting for deferred compensation arrangements when investments are held in a rabbi trust and invested.  Changes in the fair value of the investments are recognized as both compensation expense in SG&A and other gains and losses.  As a result, the changes in the fair value of the investments do not have a material impact on the company's net income. These amounts are excluded from EBITDA as they can vary widely across reporting periods based on the performance of the investments and are not an indicator of the operating performance of the company.

Hotel Franchising Revenues, Adjusted Hotel Franchising EBITDA, Adjusted Hotel Franchising SG&A and Margins:  The company reports hotel franchising revenues, adjusted hotel franchising EBITDA, adjusted franchising hotel SG&A and margins which exclude marketing and reservation system revenues; the SkyTouch Technology division; vacation rental activities including operations that provide Software as a Service ("SaaS") technology solutions to vacation rental management companies; and revenue generated from the ownership of an office building that is leased to a third-party.  These non-GAAP measures are a commonly used measure of performance in our industry and facilitate comparisons between the company and its competitors. Marketing and reservation system activities are excluded from these measures since the company is required by its franchise agreements to use the fees collected for marketing and reservation activities; as such, no income or loss to the company is generated. Cumulative marketing and reservation system fees not expended are recorded as a liability in the company's financial statements and are carried over to the next year and expended in accordance with the franchise agreements. Cumulative marketing and reservation expenditures in excess of fees collected for marketing and reservation activities are deferred and recorded as an asset in the company's financial statements and recovered in future periods.  SkyTouch Technology is a division of the company that develops and markets cloud-based technology products, including inventory management, pricing and connectivity to third party channels, to hoteliers not under franchise agreements with the company. The operations for SkyTouch Technology and our vacation rental activities are excluded since they do not reflect the company's core franchising business but are adjacent, complementary lines of business.

© 2018 Choice Hotels International, Inc.  All rights reserved.

 

Choice Hotels International, Inc. and Subsidiaries
















Exhibit 1

Consolidated Statements of Income



















(Unaudited)














































































Three Months Ended December 31,


Year Ended December 31,









Variance






Variance





2017


2016


$


%


2017


2016


$


%



(In thousands, except per share amounts)






































REVENUES:






































Royalty fees


$              79,575


$              73,379


$     6,196


8%


$            345,302


$            320,547


$     24,755


8%



Initial franchise and relicensing fees


7,872


6,807


1,065


16%


26,262


23,953


2,309


10%



Procurement services


9,014


7,507


1,507


20%


34,661


31,226


3,435


11%



Marketing and reservation system


131,810


113,523


18,287


16%


567,083


525,716


41,367


8%



Other


9,300


6,979


2,321


33%


34,048


23,199


10,849


47%



      Total revenues


237,571


208,195


29,376


14%


1,007,356


924,641


82,715


9%






















OPERATING EXPENSES:






































Selling, general and administrative


45,959


39,213


6,746


17%


163,377


148,728


14,649


10%



Depreciation and amortization


3,216


2,998


218


7%


12,431


11,705


726


6%



Marketing and reservation system


131,810


113,523


18,287


16%


567,083


525,716


41,367


8%



Total operating expenses


180,985


155,734


25,251


16%


742,891


686,149


56,742


8%






















Gain (loss) on sale of assets, net


-


1


(1)


(100%)


(32)


403


(435)


(108%)






















Operating income


56,586


52,462


4,124


8%


264,433


238,895


25,538


11%






















OTHER INCOME AND EXPENSES, NET:



















Interest expense


11,155


10,980


175


2%


45,039


44,446


593


1%



Interest income


(1,643)


(1,033)


(610)


59%


(5,920)


(3,535)


(2,385)


67%



Other gains


(978)


(499)


(479)


96%


(3,229)


(1,504)


(1,725)


115%



Equity in net (income) loss of affiliates


1,333


(778)


2,111


(271%)


4,546


(492)


5,038


(1024%)



Total other income and expenses, net


9,867


8,670


1,197


14%


40,436


38,915


1,521


4%






















Income before income taxes


46,719


43,792


2,927


7%


223,997


199,980


24,017


12%



Income taxes


53,160


11,971


41,189


344%


109,104


60,609


48,495


80%



Net income (loss)


$               (6,441)


$              31,821


$  (38,262)


(120%)


$            114,893


$            139,371


$    (24,478)


(18%)









































Basic earnings (loss) per share


$                 (0.11)


$                  0.57


$     (0.68)


(119%)


$                  2.03


$                  2.48


$       (0.45)


(18%)









































Diluted earnings (loss) per share


$                 (0.11)


$                  0.56


$     (0.67)


(120%)


$                  2.02


$                  2.46


$       (0.44)


(18%)






















 

 

Choice Hotels International, Inc. and Subsidiaries



Exhibit 2

Consolidated Balance Sheets





















(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 December 31, 


 December 31, 






2017


2016






(Unaudited)











ASSETS















Cash and cash equivalents



$           235,336


$         202,463

Accounts receivable, net



125,452


107,336

Other current assets



42,145


35,074


Total current assets



402,933


344,873









Fixed assets and intangibles, net


178,803


178,704

Notes receivable, net of allowances


147,993


110,608

Investments in unconsolidated entities

134,226


94,839

Investments, employee benefit plans, at fair value

20,838


16,975

Other assets




42,814


106,469











Total assets


$           927,607


$         852,468

























LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' DEFICIT












Accounts payable 



$              63,540


$            48,071

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

88,614


81,184

Deferred revenue



141,111


133,218

Current portion of long-term debt


1,232


1,195


Total current liabilities


294,497


263,668









Long-term debt



725,292


839,409

Deferred compensation & retirement plan obligations  

25,566


21,595

Other liabilities




94,354


39,145










Total liabilities



1,139,709


1,163,817










Total shareholders' deficit


(212,102)


(311,349)











Total liabilities and shareholders' deficit

$           927,607


$         852,468









 

 

Choice Hotels International, Inc. and Subsidiaries



Exhibit 3

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows




(Unaudited)














(In thousands)

Year Ended December 31






2017


2016

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:








Net income

$                  114,893


$            139,371





Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided




 by operating activities:




  Depreciation and amortization  

12,431


11,705

  Loss (gain) on disposal of assets

52


(346)

  Provision for bad debts, net

3,440


2,151

  Non-cash stock compensation and other charges

23,340


15,458

  Non-cash interest and other (income) loss

(772)


1,059

  Deferred income taxes

39,320


(10,542)

  Equity in net losses from unconsolidated joint ventures, less distributions received

6,579


1,025





Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisition:




  Receivables

(23,126)


(21,919)

  Advances to/from marketing and reservation activities, net

51,722


(21,449)

  Forgivable notes receivable, net

(30,638)


(17,410)

  Accounts payable

12,455


(13,689)

  Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

7,176


5,225

  Income taxes payable/receivable

31,383


5,775

  Deferred revenue

7,797


61,646

  Other assets

1,521


(8,703)

  Other liabilities

(199)


2,678





 NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES 

257,374


152,035





CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:








Investment in property and equipment

(23,437)


(25,191)

Investment in intangible assets

(2,517)


(2,580)

Contributions to equity method investments

(50,554)


(34,661)

Distributions from equity method investments

4,569


3,700

Purchases of investments, employee benefit plans

(2,447)


(1,661)

Proceeds from sales of investments, employee benefit plans

2,245


1,911

Issuance of mezzanine and other notes receivable

(19,738)


(32,604)

Collections of mezzanine and other notes receivable

655


11,070

Proceeds from sales of assets

1,000


11,462

Acquisitions of real estate

-


(28,583)

Business acquisition, net of cash acquired

-


(1,341)

Other items, net

109


11





 NET CASH USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES 

(90,115)


(98,467)





CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:








Net (repayments) borrowings pursuant to revolving credit facilities

(115,003)


25,795

Principal payments on long-term debt

(660)


(988)

Proceeds from other debt agreements

-


550

Debt issuance costs

-


(284)

Purchases of treasury stock

(9,807)


(35,926)

Dividends paid

(48,651)


(46,182)

Proceeds from transfer of interest in notes receivable

24,237


-

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

14,107


12,951





 NET CASH USED BY FINANCING ACTIVITIES

(135,777)


(44,084)





Net change in cash and cash equivalents

31,482


9,484

Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

1,391


(462)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

202,463


193,441





CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD

$                  235,336


$            202,463





 

 

CHOICE HOTELS INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Exhibit 4

SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATING INFORMATION 


DOMESTIC HOTEL SYSTEM


(UNAUDITED)




























































































For the Year Ended December 31, 2017


For the Year Ended December 31, 2016


Change



























Average Daily






Average Daily






Average Daily










Rate


Occupancy


RevPAR


Rate


Occupancy


RevPAR


Rate


Occupancy


RevPAR

























Comfort Inn


$             94.23


66.0%


$          62.23


$             92.56


65.6%


$         60.70


1.8%


40

bps


2.5%



Comfort Suites


97.01


70.1%


67.96


96.32


69.3%


66.74


0.7%


80

bps


1.8%



Sleep


82.96


65.5%


54.35


82.08


65.1%


53.47


1.1%


40

bps


1.6%



Quality


79.25


59.8%


47.41


77.80


59.1%


45.99


1.9%


70

bps


3.1%



Clarion


84.62


59.3%


50.14


82.35


58.3%


48.01


2.8%


100

bps


4.4%



Econo Lodge


62.95


54.5%


34.29


61.41


54.1%


33.22


2.5%


40

bps


3.2%



Rodeway


64.51


56.0%


36.09


63.04


55.7%


35.08


2.3%


30

bps


2.9%



MainStay


76.70


68.4%


52.47


76.29


65.2%


49.70


0.5%


320

bps


5.6%



Suburban


51.76


76.0%


39.31


49.96


75.5%


37.72


3.6%


50

bps


4.2%



Cambria hotel & suites


137.86


73.8%


101.70


131.73


76.3%


100.46


4.7%


(250)

bps


1.2%



Ascend Hotel Collection


127.96


55.5%


71.05


129.97


58.1%


75.52


(1.5%)


(260)

bps


(5.9%)

























Total  


$             84.02


62.2%


$          52.25


$             82.64


61.7%


$         51.00


1.7%


50

bps


2.5%







































































For the Three Months Ended December 31, 2017


For the Three Months Ended December 31, 2016


Change



























Average Daily






Average Daily






Average Daily










Rate


Occupancy


RevPAR


Rate


Occupancy


RevPAR


Rate


Occupancy


RevPAR

























Comfort Inn


$             90.20


60.7%


$          54.78


$             88.45


60.7%


$         53.66


2.0%


-

bps


2.1%



Comfort Suites


93.68


66.1%


61.90


92.67


64.7%


59.92


1.1%


140

bps


3.3%



Sleep


79.79


60.7%


48.45


78.82


61.5%


48.44


1.2%


(80)

bps


0.0%



Quality


75.31


54.9%


41.36


73.92


54.2%


40.05


1.9%


70

bps


3.3%



Clarion


82.90


51.7%


42.90


77.74


53.9%


41.93


6.6%


(220)

bps


2.3%



Econo Lodge


60.35


49.6%


29.93


58.37


50.4%


29.43


3.4%


(80)

bps


1.7%



Rodeway


60.57


50.5%


30.61


59.42


50.9%


30.22


1.9%


(40)

bps


1.3%



MainStay


76.89


64.6%


49.70


73.06


62.2%


45.42


5.2%


240

bps


9.4%



Suburban


51.01


72.5%


36.98


49.36


74.0%


36.55


3.3%


(150)

bps


1.2%



Cambria hotel & suites


140.44


70.3%


98.78


135.36


73.1%


98.90


3.8%


(280)

bps


(0.1%)



Ascend Hotel Collection


125.42


52.8%


66.25


128.82


55.3%


71.29


(2.6%)


(250)

bps


(7.1%)

























Total  


$             80.87


57.2%


$          46.28


$             79.10


57.3%


$         45.28


2.2%


(10)

bps


2.2%







































































For the Quarter Ended


For the Year Ended
















12/31/2017


12/31/2016


12/31/2017


12/31/2016




































System-wide effective royalty rate


4.68%


4.49%


4.60%


4.41%




































 

 



















CHOICE HOTELS INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Exhibit 5

SUPPLEMENTAL HOTEL AND ROOM SUPPLY DATA


(UNAUDITED)


























































December 31, 2017


December 31, 2016


Variance






















Hotels


Rooms


Hotels


Rooms


Hotels


Rooms


%


%




















Comfort Inn


1,083


84,626


1,113


86,310


(30)


(1,684)


(2.7%)


(2.0%)


Comfort Suites


567


44,029


565


43,610


2


419


0.4%


1.0%


Sleep


384


27,410


379


27,097


5


313


1.3%


1.2%


Quality


1,542


120,227


1,447


114,582


95


5,645


6.6%


4.9%


Clarion


166


22,138


167


22,941


(1)


(803)


(0.6%)


(3.5%)


Econo Lodge


840


51,233


857


52,791


(17)


(1,558)


(2.0%)


(3.0%)


Rodeway


600


34,488


565


32,515


35


1,973


6.2%


6.1%


MainStay


60


4,249


56


4,108


4


141


7.1%


3.4%


Suburban


61


6,698


59


6,561


2


137


3.4%


2.1%


Cambria hotel & suites


36


4,917


27


3,503


9


1,414


33.3%


40.4%


Ascend Hotel Collection


162


13,000


127


10,480


35


2,520


27.6%


24.0%




















Domestic Franchises


5,501


413,015


5,362


404,498


139


8,517


2.6%


2.1%




















International Franchises


1,126


112,558


1,152


111,624


(26)


934


(2.3%)


0.8%




















Total Franchises


6,627


525,573


6,514


516,122


113


9,451


1.7%


1.8%




















 

 


CHOICE HOTELS INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES




Exhibit 6




SUPPLEMENTAL NON-GAAP FINANCIAL INFORMATION









(UNAUDITED)




































HOTEL FRANCHISING REVENUES AND ADJUSTED HOTEL FRANCHISING MARGINS

























(dollar amounts in thousands)


Three Months Ended December 31, 


Year Ended December 31, 






















2017


2016


2017


2016






Hotel Franchising Revenues:




























Total Revenues


$              237,571


$               208,195


$           1,007,356


$               924,641






Adjustments:














     Marketing and reservation system revenues


(131,810)


(113,523)


(567,083)


(525,716)






     Non-hotel franchising activities


(2,847)


(2,295)


(10,818)


(8,816)






Hotel Franchising Revenues


$              102,914


$                 92,377


$              429,455


$               390,109




















Adjusted Hotel Franchising Margins:




























Operating Margin:




























Total Revenues


$              237,571


$               208,195


$           1,007,356


$               924,641






Operating Income


$                56,586


$                 52,462


$              264,433


$               238,895






     Operating Margin


23.8%


25.2%


26.3%


25.8%




















Adjusted Hotel Franchising Margin:




























Hotel Franchising Revenues


$              102,914


$                 92,377


$              429,455


$               390,109




















Operating Income


$                56,586


$                 52,462


$              264,433


$               238,895






Mark to market adjustments on non-qualified retirement plan investments

978


531


3,192


1,534






Executive termination benefits


-


-


-


2,206






Acceleration of executive succession plan


57


-


12,021


-






Impairment of lease acquisition costs, net


-


-


(1,185)


-






Acquisition related transition and transaction costs


3,654


4


4,032


3,305






Non-hotel franchising activities operating loss


1,995


6,453


10,315


23,593






Adjusted Hotel Franchising Operating Income


$                63,270


$                 59,450


$              292,808


$               269,533




















     Adjusted Hotel Franchising Margins


61.5%


64.4%


68.2%


69.1%











































































ADJUSTED HOTEL FRANCHISING SELLING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATION EXPENSES

























(dollar amounts in thousands)


Three Months Ended December 31, 


Year Ended December 31, 






















2017


2016


2017


2016




















Total Selling, General and Administrative Expenses


$                45,959


$                 39,213


$              163,377


$               148,728






Mark to market adjustments on non-qualified retirement plan investments

(978)


(531)


(3,192)


(1,534)






Acceleration of executive succession plan


(57)


-


(12,021)


-






Impairment of lease acquisition costs, net


-


-


1,185


-






Acquisition related transition and transaction costs


(3,654)


(4)


(4,032)


(3,305)






Executive termination benefits


-


-


-


(2,206)






Non-hotel franchising activities


(3,839)


(7,703)


(17,321)


(28,141)






Adjusted Hotel Franchising Selling, General and Administration Expenses

$                37,431


$                 30,975


$              127,996


$               113,542











































































ADJUSTED EARNINGS BEFORE INTEREST, TAXES, DEPRECIATION AND AMORTIZATION ("EBITDA")























(dollar amounts in thousands)
















Three Months Ended December 31, 


Year Ended December 31, 




















2017


2016


2017


2016



















Net income (loss)


$                 (6,441)


$                 31,821


$              114,893


$               139,371






Income taxes


53,160


11,971


109,104


60,609






Interest expense


11,155


10,980


45,039


44,446






Interest income


(1,643)


(1,033)


(5,920)


(3,535)






Other (gains) losses


(978)


(499)


(3,229)


(1,504)






Equity in net (income) loss of affiliates


1,333


(778)


4,546


(492)






(Gain) loss on sale of assets


-


(1)


32


(403)






Depreciation and amortization


3,216


2,998


12,431


11,705






Acceleration of executive succession plan


57


-


12,021


-






Acquisition related transition and transaction costs


3,654


4


4,032


3,305






Executive termination benefits


-


-


-


2,206






Impairment of lease acquisition costs, net


-


-


(1,185)


-






Mark to market adjustments on non-qualified retirement plan investments

978


531


3,192


1,534





Adjusted EBITDA


$                64,491


$                 55,994


$              294,956


$               257,242



















Hotel franchising 


$                65,484


$                 61,402


$              301,460


$               276,567





Non-hotel franchising activities


(993)


(5,408)


(6,504)


(19,325)








$                64,491


$                 55,994


$              294,956


$               257,242





























































ADJUSTED NET INCOME AND ADJUSTED DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE (EPS)

























(dollar amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)


Three Months Ended December 31, 


Year Ended December 31, 






















2017


2016


2017


2016



















Net income (loss)


$                 (6,441)


$                 31,821


$              114,893


$               139,371





Adjustments:














Transition costs on previously deferred foreign earnings and impact of tax legislation on deferred tax balances


40,044


-


40,044


-






Acceleration of executive succession plan


36


-


7,267


-






Acquisition related transition and transaction costs


2,309


2


2,548


2,092






Executive termination benefits


-


-


-


1,394






Impairment of lease acquisition costs, net


-


-


(749)


-





Adjusted Net Income


$                35,948


$                 31,823


$              164,003


$               142,857

































Diluted Earnings (Loss) Per Share


$                  (0.11)


$                     0.56


$                   2.02


$                     2.46





Adjustments:














Transition costs on previously deferred foreign earnings and impact of tax legislation on deferred tax balances


0.70


-


0.70


-






Acceleration of executive succession plan


-


-


0.13


-






Acquisition related transition and transaction costs


0.04




0.04


0.04






Executive termination benefits


-


-


-


0.03






Impairment of lease acquisition costs, net


-


-


(0.01)


-





Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share (EPS)


$                   0.63


$                     0.56


$                   2.88


$                     2.53



















 

 

CHOICE HOTELS INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Exhibit 7

SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION - 2018 OUTLOOK



(UNAUDITED)



























Guidance represents the midpoint of the company's range of estimated outcomes for the year ended December 31, 2018



























ADJUSTED OPERATING INCOME AND EBITDA FULL YEAR FORECAST

Pre-Adoption of ASC 606










Actuals


Forecast








2017


2018(1)


Impact of ASC 606


2018 Guidance















Net income 


$              114,893


$               203,900


$               (10,600)


$        193,300




Income taxes


109,104


61,000


(3,100)


57,900




Interest expense


45,039


46,300


-


46,300




Interest income


(5,920)


(4,800)


-


(4,800)




Other (gains) losses


(3,229)


-


-


-




Equity in net (income) loss of affiliates


4,546


(600)


-


(600)




Acceleration of executive succession plan


12,021


-


-


-




Acquisition related transition and transaction costs


4,032


6,900


-


6,900




Deficit from marketing and reservation system activities


-


-


11,000


11,000




Impairment of lease acquisition costs, net


(1,185)


-


-


-




Mark to market adjustments on non-qualified retirement plan investments

3,192


-


-


-



Adjusted Operating Income


282,493


312,700


(2,700)


310,000




Depreciation and amortization


12,431


22,800


(7,300)


15,500




(Gain) loss on sale of assets


32


-


-


-



Adjusted EBITDA


$              294,956


$               335,500


$               (10,000)


$        325,500















Hotel franchising 


$              301,460


$               339,500


$               (10,000)


$        329,500



Non-hotel franchising activities


(6,504)


(4,000)


-


(4,000)






$              294,956


$               335,500


$               (10,000)


$        325,500































































ADJUSTED DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE (EPS) FULL YEAR FORECAST





















(dollar amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
























Pre-Adoption of ASC 606










Actuals


Forecast








2017


2018(1)


Impact of ASC 606


2018 Guidance















Net income 


$              114,893


$               203,900


$               (10,600)


$        193,300



Adjustments












Transition costs on previously deferred foreign earnings and impact of
tax legislation on deferred tax balances


40,044


-


-


-




Acceleration of executive succession plan


7,267


-


-


-




Acquisition related transition and transaction costs


2,548


5,313


-


5,313




Impairment of lease acquisition costs, net


(749)


-


-


-




Deficit from marketing and reservation system activities


-


-


8,470


8,470



Adjusted Net Income


$              164,003


$               209,213


$                 (2,130)


$        207,083















Diluted Earnings (Loss) Per Share 


$                   2.02


$                     3.55


$                  (0.18)


$             3.37



Adjustments:












Transition costs on previously deferred foreign earnings and impact of
tax legislation on deferred tax balances


0.70


-


-


-




Acceleration of executive succession plan


0.13


-


-


-




Acquisition related transition and transaction costs


0.04


0.09


-


0.09




Impairment of lease acquisition costs, net


(0.01)


-


-


-




Deficit from marketing and reservation system activities


-


-


0.15


0.15



Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share (EPS)


$                   2.88


$                     3.64


$                  (0.03)


$             3.61















(1) Figures in this column include the impact of the recently enacted tax reform legislation and the acquisition of WoodSpring but exclude the impacts of the adoption of ASC 606

























 

 

SOURCE Choice Hotels International, Inc.

For further information: Scott Oaksmith, SVP, Finance & Chief Accounting Officer, (301) 592-6659, Lorri Christou, Vice President, Public Relations, (301) 592-5044